Laudanum: Tincture* of opium, for relief of pain and inflammation.
Ipecac: Preparation made from dried roots of a South American creeping plant, used as an emetic**.
Jalap: Tuberous root of a Mexican plant, used as a cathartic or purge.
Tartar Emetic: Crystals of antimony and potassium tartrate, employed usually as a sedative or an emetic.
Dover's Powder: Powder consisting of opium, ipecac and sugar of milk, as a sedative or to cause sweating.
Blue Mass: Laxative made by rubbing up metallic mercury with licorice and other excipients.
Paregoric: Tincture of opium and camphor, to check diarrhea.
Nux Vomica: Beans of an East Indian tree which contain strychnine, used as a stimulant.
Belladonna: Leaves and root of the deadly nightshade containing atrophine, used as a stimulant and to decrease all secretions of the body except the urine.
* tincture definition - (noun) A medicine made by dissolving a drug in alcohol
** emetic definition - (noun) A medicine or other substance that causes vomiting
Excerpt from Doctors of the Old West
by: Robert F. Karolevitz Cross-posted from my blog "My Ethereality"